The difference between consular processing and adjustment of status

1024px U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service

  • Consular processing: Beneficiary outside USCIS. After USCIS petition approved, Beneficiary applies for a visa to come to the U.S., attends interview, application approves, gets visa stamp in passport, comes to the U.S. If they are the beneficiary of an immigrant visa, they will also get Green Card after arrival in the U.S.
  • Adjustment of Status: Beneficiary is in the U.S. and applies in the U.S. to change their current immigration status to that of a Lawful Permanent Resident. General process: they apply for AOS based on an underlying approved USCIS petition, attend interview, and after approval get a Green Card. *Cannot apply for AOS without an underlying approved eligible USCIS petition. 

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